Starting January 1 st, 2015, Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) issued an official statement regarding accepting visa applications under the Canada Express Entry program for Skilled Professionals. If a candidate’s application is selected from the entry pool, they must meet further selection criteria under the skilled worker program. An individual can file under one of the following programs:
- Federal Skilled Worker Class
- Federal Skilled Trades Class
- Canadian Experience Class
It is essential to understand that this selection criterion is applicable only if the candidate’s application is chosen from the Canada Express Entry pool.
Furthermore, unless a candidate meets the FSW selection criteria, they will not be issued an invite. It is vital to not confuse the selection criteria under FSW with the points-based system under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)-Express Entry Points Criteria. The main goal of CRS and the associated point-system is to rank a specific candidate against other potential migrants and identify the most suitable candidates. Following is the application point system and associated selection criteria which should be met by principal applicants who are selected from the express entry pool
Language (Maximum Points 28) A candidate can claim up-to 24 points for the English language factor and another four points under the French language factor contingent on the applicant filing with English as their first language. Applicants can claim all 24 points with high English proficiency (as proven by a high IELTS score). To qualify for the Federal Skills Worker Class program, a candidate must prove a minimum level of proficiency in the following language abilities:
An applicant can have various combinations of scores and associated credit points for a factor. However, they will require a score of at least 6.0 to qualify. Specifically, with reference to CRS under the Canada Express Entry points program, it is beneficial for both spouses to appear in the IELTS test together and provide their score sheets jointly. If both spouses score well in the IELTS, the number of points will be higher under CRS.
Second Official Language
The points associated with second language proficiency have been decreased from eight to four under this system. This makes focusing on one language a more feasible strategy for those attempting to qualify for Canadian immigration. Age (Maximum 12 points) Under the FSW system, the preferential age band is defined from 18 to 35 years. The maximum number of points that can be allotted under this criteria are 12. A person over 47 years of age will get zero points on the age criteria. However, they can still file if they meet the minimum point requirement of 67 points under other selection attributes. Employment Experience (Maximum 15 Points) The points allocation under this criterion for employment experience are as follows:
- One year of experience: 9 points
- Two to three years of experience: 11 points
- Four to Five years of experience: 13 points
- Six years of experience: 15 points
Here, it is important to note that a minimum experience of at least one year in an occupation listed on O, A, and B categories is mandatory. More experience in this category translates into higher points for the applicant. Educational and Professional Credentials (Maximum 25 Points) According to the Educational Credential Assessment (ECA), the principal applicant’s current educational and professional qualifications will be evaluated by a Canadian credential evaluation authority. This evaluation will assess the applicant’s credentials in relation to similar Canadian qualifications. Under the FSW category, only principal applicants who receive a positive evaluation of their educational and professional credentials will be eligible to file the permanent resident application.
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